Beginner’s Guide to Creating Fanart is a column by contributor Jae Bailey. In this column, Jae offers digital fanart tutorials and advice for aspiring artists.
Fan artists invest hours and hours of their spare time into their paintings, driven by their love of the source material. While some have always enjoyed drawing, others take to art to depict their favorite characters.
U.S. TV producer Bryan Konietzko wrote in 2013:
“I remember back in the Avatar days [2005–2008]… the typical fanart we would get would be a charming, childish crayon drawing stuffed in an envelope. Nowadays on Korra, I take a skewed screenshot with my phone, post it, and shortly thereafter someone un-skews it, crops it, separates the character levels, clones the background, “Ken Burns” it with a multilevel slide, animates the characters blinking and talking, tints it, and makes a GIF out of it, that I then see on the same phone with which I took the original picture. Times they are a-changin’…”
Konietzko may have been “amused and amazed” by such rapid technological changes, but others might feel left behind. If you’ve never used Photoshop in your life, the idea of getting into fanart might seem intimidating. Anyone can create and share fanart though, even absolute beginners. Below, I’ve listed what you’ll need to get started, and while practice makes perfect, I have some tips that will help stave off a lot of the problems and frustrations suffered by beginners.
What software and hardware will I need?
Traditional art requires supplies, and digital art is no different. The good news is that you likely already own all the technology you’ll need. Nowadays, free apps can be downloaded onto tablets and smart phones to create art or edit photos, so even a PC is no longer strictly required. Phone cameras are so good that you can use them instead of a scanner to import pencil drawings into photo editing softwares.
Whether you want to digitally splash paint onto your screen or scratch out the lines and planes of your favs’ faces on paper, you will need a graphics program. Scans or photos of traditional art don’t always look as good on screen as they do on paper, but the brightness/darkness levels of a scanned pencil sketch can be digitally adjusted.
Learn how to adjust layers with this Youtube tutorial:
Industry standard software packages such as Adobe Photoshop offer older versions for free (download Photoshop CS2 for free here). Once you’ve downloaded Photoshop you can get started by completing a couple of Photoshop CS2 tutorials on YouTube, such as this one. There are also more modern, relatively inexpensive software packages you might want to try (SAI and Manga Studio). What program an artist uses is a purely personal choice; I use the 11-year-old software package PaintShop Pro 9 by JASC. However, there are countless Photoshop tutorials online explaining just about anything from how to open a file through to how layers and vectors work. This makes Photoshop excellent for beginners. Have a question? You can Google the answer in seconds!
If you plan on drawing digitally rather than traditionally, then a graphics tablet is a really good investment. I picked up my first one for the equivalent of $20. Even an inexpensive graphics tablet will make your life a lot easier. Although the more expensive ones have superior pressure sensitivity, they also cost upwards of $200. Don’t spend that amount of money until you are sure it will be worth it for you. Here is an example of a digital painting created with only a mouse! Good art doesn’t come from spending a lot of money on materials.
While fanart can be very rewarding, it can also be discouraging when results don’t match expectations. The gap between expectation and reality is particularly large in the visual arts, because we’re generally very good at picturing the exact scene we want to paint. We just don’t always succeed with the execution, and the resulting disappointment makes us believe we’re untalented and should, therefore, never try again!
I’ve put together a list of tips and tutorials to help keep such feelings at bay. Remember: Creating art is a skill, not magic.
- Start small, e.g. draw just one character at a time. Build up to having two characters interacting in a scene.
- Practice and share your line art first. Save shading for the future if you struggle with it.
- If color is intimidating, start off in black and white.
- Follow how-to tutorials but draw a character from your fandom instead of the generic one in the tutorial.
- Don’t be afraid to use reference photos of the actors! It’s what the professionals do. Disney animators have models pose, so they can see how two people interact. You don’t have that luxury, but you do have Google Image Search!
- Trace if you have to. You will still learn something from tracing, and many professionals started off tracing when they were younger. If you didn’t spend every free minute of your childhood tracing comic book characters then you have a lot of catching up to do, right?
- Cut out photos and paste them together. Draw on top of photos. Play around with Photoshop filters. Any art you create is worthwhile, and you will learn something from it.
- Study art you like, both the masters and other fan artists. Download their art, open it up in Photoshop, and use the color picker to study their use of light and color.
The digital art community is generally very supportive, but you might encounter some who try to persuade you that you should be able to paint any sword fighting character in a photo-realistic manner without using reference photos. But the truth is that professional illustrators use references all the time, and some also paint over photos. Similarly, most artists will use references at least until they are good enough not to need them (but if they are aiming for photo-realism, then they will always need to use references).
By using references, or even by tracing over photos at first, the art you make will be closer to what you have in your head. This will keep you from crumpling up your piece of paper or deleting your art work in a fit of frustration!
- Photoshop touch-ups
- Scanned pencil drawing, inked digitally
- Learn about light and shading
- Learn about colors and light
Sharing Fanart Online
Most professional digital artists have painted fanart and even include it in their portfolios. As long as the art is transformative in nature and doesn’t infringe on the copyright holder’s ability to earn money from their copyrighted work, then your fanart is “fair use” according to the Bern Convention which governs international copyright. So posting your fanart online is not a problem.
There are many websites where you can share your fanart: Tumblr, LiveJournal (English and Russian), DeviantArt, Facebook, and Pixiv (Japanese). Choose the one where your fandom is most active and find out how other fan artists share their art on each platform. For example, on Tumblr, art works are placed into fandom tags (only the first couple of tags count! Use those wisely and add tags such as “my art” last of all). On DeviantArt, you should add your submitted image to the relevant fandom galleries so that fans can find your drawings.
Now go have fun creating and sharing fanart!